Study on the New US Economy – Boundless

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America more diverse than ever, new study finds

by Emily Little

The United States is more racially and ethnically diverse than ever, according to a new report.

More than 96% of all counties in the United States have seen their population diversity increase from 2010 to 2020, according to the report by immigration advocacy group New American Economy, which examined data from the 2020 census. The researchers analyzed the Census Bureau’s Diversity Index (DI), a tool that calculates increases in diversity by showing the likelihood that two residents of a given area are of different races or ethnicities. The comparison of scores between 2010 and 2020 shows which countries have diversified the most.

The top 10 counties that experienced the largest increases in population diversity were in North Dakota, South Dakota, Georgia, Nebraska, California, Texas, Pennsylvania, and Arkansas.

Many of the counties that experienced the strongest growth in diversity were small rural communities that were almost entirely white just 10 years ago. Williams County in North Dakota, which has seen the largest increase in diversity, more than doubled its DI score between the two census dates and now has one in four residents as Hispanic or non-White. The report attributes the increase to the region’s “booming oil industry”.

In Forsyth County, Georgia, a rapidly growing Asian population increased the county’s DI score from 34.2% in 2010 to 55.2% in 2020. Asian residents now make up 18% of the population, according to the report. population, compared to 6.2% in 2010..

Credit: New American Economy

The report also analyzed the rate of change in the DI score from 2010 to 2020. The major counties were all sparsely populated communities, because in sparsely populated rural counties, “it takes a few new non-white or Hispanic residents for the rate of change in their ID seems high, ”the authors wrote.

Credit: New American Economy

Of that list, half of the counties are in West Virginia, one of three states that experienced a population decline between 2010 and 2020. Most of the population loss was seen among non-Hispanic whites. .

“This suggests that in many counties, small increases in the number of non-white or Hispanic residents may not offset losses among non-Hispanic whites,” the study authors wrote. “These disturbing demographic patterns threaten the economic and social stability of counties which depend on a growing or stable population to maintain their local economies and workforce.”


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